ProportioningGOLDEN MEAN ~ 5:8(length to width proportions for cases & cabinets) Multiply short leg by 1.618 = long leg FIBONACCI SERIES (1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21,...) A function of the Golden Mean (Each successive number is the sum of the preceding two numbers.) Proportioning for projects like a chest of drawers or a set of shelves. HAMBRIDGE PROGRESSION (i.e. calculating graduated drawer heights) 1. Make square A A (A = drawer width) 2. Strike arc from square A A's diagonal 3. Draw horizontal line from intersection of arc and vertical line Note: You cannot preselect the total height of all drawers. Final height of the drawers is a function of the number of drawers and drawer width. FormulasDecimal = mm x .03937Millimeter = decimal x 25.4 Circumference of circle = π x 2R Area of circle = π x R² Area of triangle = 1/2 B x H Area of square = L x W LAYOUT SIMPLE ARCH (X/2)²+ Y² / 2Y = R LAYOUT ELLIPSE WITH A SQUARE BOARD FOOT CALCULATION Length (inches) x Width (inches) x Thickness (inches) / 144 Furniture Moisture Content in the U.S. 
Design Criteria for FurnitureSeating dimensions at dining table:24"30" elbow to elbow 24"25" leg clearance (floor to apron) Table edge to back of plate  12" Round table  30" circumference per seating Table height  29"30" Chair seat height  ~ 17" Coffee table height  16"18" Stool height  29"32" Single (twin) mattress  39" x 75" Double (full) mattress  54" x 75" Queen mattress  60" x 80" King mattress  76" x 80" MAXIMUM SPAN FOR SHELVING 3/4" MDF  28" 3/4" Plywood  32" 3/4" Softwood  34" 3/4" Hardwood  40" 1" Softwood  34" 1" Hardwood  46" 

Solvents for FinishesVarnish, oil, spar, linseed oil, polyurethane, tung oil, waxLacquer Shellac Waterborne 
Mineral spirits, naptha, turpentine Lacquer thinner, acetone Denatured alcohol Distilled water 




